Friday, July 19, 2019

Prevention and Treatment of Gum Disease

Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease) can affect the entire body. Recent studies have shown a link between gum disease and many general ailments such as heart disease, osteoporosis, lung problems and low birth weights in children. Therefore it is important to diagnose and treat these conditions as soon as possible.


Regular hygiene visits will enable you and the hygienist to work together to achieve and maintain good oral health. Furthermore, early intervention and good aftercare will minimize the requirement for fillings and other costly dental treatments for the future.

An assessment of your gums will be transported out at each visit allowing any gum disease to be detected, controlled or treated at an early stage. The initial hygiene consultation will determine how many visits will be required to treat you accordingly.


Hygiene treatment involves removing plaque bacteria, calculus (hardened plaque) and stains. This is carried out using an ultrasonic (water) scaler and very fine instruments to remove the deposits. In the hands of skilled hygienist these treatments are painless.

Personalized oral hygiene recommendations are given demonstrating the latest advances in hygiene techniques including dietary and nutritional advice.


If plaque bacteria are allowed to build up on the teeth and gums, this can cause inflammation. This is the first stage of gum disease.

– Red gums
– Bleeding gums when brushing / flossing
– White / yellow deposits around the gum line
– Tooth sensitivity where gum line has started to recede


Gingivitis is reversible if diagnosed early and can be controlled and treated by thorough scaling and excellent oral hygiene homecare.


If gingivitis progresses untreated and undiagnosed, this can lead to periodontitis which is inflammation of the supporting structures of the teeth including the bone. Left untreated this can result in tooth loss.

– Bleeding gums of their own accord
– Bad breath / taste
– Loosing / drifting of the teeth
– Receding gums


Once radiographs have been taken and the hygienist has completed an initial assessment, an individual treatment plan can be formulated.

The first stage is to remove the plaque, calculus and infected soft tissue, which, with periodontitis, can form below the gum line. Deep scaling is therefore required over several visits. This can be carried out using local anaesthetic if required to minimize any discomfort.

A meticulous oral hygiene routine is encouraged for treatment to be successful.

A final assessment will be transported out around 3 months later to monitor the condition of the gums.

It is also advised that you visit the hygienist on a 3 month recall after the completion of treatment.


This is one of the newest and most exciting advances in the treatment of periodontal disease. Combined with hygiene treatment this can prevent the need for teeth replacement or expensive denture implants.

It works by thoroughly removing diseased tissue and calculus deposits below the gum line and and more importantly helps promote bone regeneration and tissue attachment. Until the advent of the Waterlase laser this procedure would have required the gum being cut to expose the affected area so that it could be treated. Even then it would have been difficult to remove all the infection with conventional surgery. Luckily, the Waterlase laser allows this treatment to be carried out with minimal interference in a non surgical manner. Furthermore, for the first time it is also possible to regrow the gum attachment that has been lost with the teeth.

Source by Sam Qam

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